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Volcanoes National Park animals

Volcanoes National Park animals

Volcanoes National Park animals can be seen at the destination located in north-western Rwanda which is  renowned for its volcanic landscape and the rare mountain gorillas that call it home.

This national park covers an area of approximately 160 square kilometres and is part of the larger Virunga Conservation Area shared with Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The Park features a chain of dormant volcanoes, including the towering Mount Karisimbi.

Volcanoes National Park Rwanda
Volcanoes National Park Rwanda

Its dense vegetation encompasses bamboo forests, Hagenia-Hypericum forests, and various species of lobelia. Volcanoes National Park is most famous for its mountain gorillas, and visitors can embark on an unforgettable gorilla trekking experience, obtaining permits to observe these magnificent creatures up close in their natural habitat.

The park’s conservation efforts focus on protecting the gorillas’ habitat and involving local communities in sustainable tourism initiatives. A visit to Volcanoes National Park promises a unique adventure and a chance to witness the beauty and biodiversity of Rwanda’s volcanic landscape.

Here are some key details about Volcanoes National Park:


Volcanoes National Park is located in the Musanze district of Rwanda, in the north-western part of the country. It is situated approximately 110 kilometres (68 miles) northwest of the capital city, Kigali.

The Park is surrounded by several communities that are closely connected to its conservation and tourism efforts. The local communities living around the park are predominantly rural and rely on agriculture for their livelihoods.

They belong to the ethnic group known as the Banyarwanda, which includes the majority of Rwanda’s population.

In recent years, efforts have been made to involve the local communities in the conservation and sustainable development initiatives associated with Volcanoes National Park. This community engagement aims to provide economic opportunities, alleviate poverty, and create incentives for the local people to support wildlife conservation.

Community-based tourism initiatives have been established, allowing visitors to experience local culture, traditions, and daily life through activities like village visits, craft demonstrations, and cultural performances.

These initiatives provide direct benefits to the communities and foster a sense of pride and ownership in protecting the park and its wildlife.

Furthermore, revenue generated from gorilla trekking permits and other tourism activities is invested in community projects such as education, healthcare, infrastructure development, and income-generating ventures. This approach promotes a sustainable and mutually beneficial relationship between the park and the surrounding communities.

By involving local communities in the conservation efforts and offering them opportunities for economic empowerment, Volcanoes National Park aims to create a model for responsible and sustainable tourism that benefits both wildlife conservation and the well-being of the people living in the area.

Geography: The Park covers an area of approximately 160 square kilometres (62 square miles) and consists of a chain of dormant volcanoes. The Virunga Mountains, a branch of the Albertine Rift, dominate the park’s landscape. The highest peak in the park is Mount Karisimbi, which stands at an elevation of 4,507 meters (14,787 feet).

Flora and Fauna: 

Volcanoes National Park boasts a diverse array of flora and fauna due to its unique location and varied habitats. Here are some highlights of the park’s flora and fauna:


  1. Bamboo Forests: The Park is famous for its extensive bamboo forests, which provide a vital habitat for several species, including the endangered mountain gorillas.
  2. Hagenia-Hypericum Forests: These unique forests are characterized by a combination of Hagenia abyssinica trees and Hypericum revolutum shrubs. They provide habitat and forage for various wildlife species.
  3. Lobelia: Volcanoes National Park is home to several species of lobelia, including the giant lobelia (Lobelia gibberoa). These plants, with their distinctive rosette shape and tall flower spikes, are found in the higher elevations of the park.


  1. Mountain Gorillas: The Park is renowned for its population of mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei). These critically endangered primates are the park’s most famous residents and a major attraction for visitors. The Park is home to several habituated gorilla groups that can be visited with permits.
  2. Golden Monkeys: Volcanoes National Park is also known for its golden monkeys (Cercopithecus mitis kandti). These primates, with their striking golden-orange fur, are endemic to the Albertine Rift region and can be observed during guided treks.
  3. Other Primates: The Park supports other primate species, including the black-and-white colobus monkey, L’Hoest’s monkey, and blue monkey.
  4. Birdlife: Volcanoes National Park is a haven for birdwatchers, with over 200 bird species recorded. Notable bird species include the African Rwenzori turaco, Rwenzori batis, Rwenzori double-collared sunbird, and several species of Rwenzori endemics.
  5. Small Mammals: The Park is home to various small mammal species, such as the forest elephant, buffalo, bushbuck, and duiker.

It’s important to note that the flora and fauna of the park are protected, and strict regulations and guidelines are in place to ensure their conservation. Visitors are required to adhere to the park’s rules and guidelines to minimize any negative impact on the ecosystem and to preserve the natural habitat of the park’s unique plant and animal species.

Mountain Gorilla Trekking: 

Mountain gorilla trekking in Volcanoes National Park is a unique and thrilling experience that allows visitors to observe these magnificent creatures in their natural habitat. 

Here’s an overview of mountain gorilla trekking and what to expect:

  1. Permits: To participate in gorilla trekking, you need to obtain a permit in advance. Permits are limited in number to ensure the protection of the gorillas and manage human impact on their habitat. It’s advisable to book your permit well in advance, as they can be in high demand.
  2. Group Allocation: On the day of your trek, you’ll be assigned to a specific gorilla group. The groups are habituated, meaning they are accustomed to human presence, allowing for a safe and immersive experience. The assignment is based on factors such as trekking difficulty, your fitness level, and the location of the gorilla families.
  3. Trekking Experience: Gorilla trekking involves hiking through the forested mountains in search of the gorilla group you’ve been assigned to. The trek can vary in duration and difficulty, depending on the group’s location. It can range from a relatively easy hike to a more strenuous and challenging climb, so it’s important to be prepared physically.
  4. Encountering Gorillas: Once your group locates the gorillas, you’ll spend a precious hour in their presence. You’ll have the opportunity to observe their behaviour, social interactions, and daily activities. It’s important to maintain a safe distance of at least 7 meters (23 feet) from the gorillas to minimize any potential disturbance and ensure their well-being.
  5. Guides and Rangers: Throughout the trek, you’ll be accompanied by experienced guides and park rangers who are knowledgeable about the gorillas and the park. They will provide insights, answer questions, and ensure your safety during the trek.
  6. Etiquette and Regulations: To protect the gorillas and their habitat, there are strict guidelines and etiquette to follow. These include maintaining a safe distance, avoiding direct eye contact, not using flash photography, and following the instructions of your guides. These regulations are in place to minimize stress and disturbance to the gorillas.
  7. Conservation Impact: The fees generated from gorilla trekking permits contribute significantly to conservation efforts and the protection of mountain gorillas and their habitat. By participating in gorilla trekking, you are directly supporting conservation initiatives and the local communities that depend on the park.

Gorilla trekking is a truly unforgettable experience that offers a rare opportunity to connect with these incredible creatures in their natural environment. It’s important to approach the experience with respect, follow the guidelines, and cherish the privilege of being in the presence of these endangered animals.

Conservation Efforts: 

The Park plays a crucial role in the conservation of mountain gorillas. Efforts are made to protect their habitat, monitor their populations, and ensure their survival. Local communities are also involved in conservation initiatives to promote sustainable tourism and provide economic opportunities.

Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda is a stunning destination known for its volcanic landscape and the endangered mountain gorillas it protects.

The Park offers gorilla trekking experiences that allow visitors to observe these incredible creatures in their natural habitat. It is a prime example of conservation efforts and community engagement, promoting sustainable tourism and benefiting local communities. With its diverse flora and fauna

, Volcanoes National Park provides a unique and unforgettable experience for nature lovers and contributes to the preservation of this remarkable ecosystem.

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