Mount Elgon is a 4,321 meter high extinct volcano which in prehistoric times apparently, stood higher than Mount Kilimanjaro does today. Although the mountain straddles the Kenya border, its loftiest peak Wagagai lies within Uganda and is best ascended from the Ugandan side. Mt. Elgon is an important watershed area, and its slopes support a rich variety of high-altitude vegetation zones ranging from montane forest to high open moorland studded with the other unusual vegetation such as the giant lobelia and groundsel plants.
Spectacular scenery is the main attraction for hikers on this relatively undemanding mountain. In terms of wildlife, there is a variety of forest monkeys and small antelopes, along with the always popular elephants and buffaloes. There are over 300 bird species within the Mount Elgin park boundaries, includes many species not recorded elsewhere in Uganda. Other attractions include ancient cave paintings close to the trailhead at Budadiri and many spectacular caves and hot springs within the crater.
Activities include day walks from Budadiri or within the Mt. Elgon Forest Exploration Centre; Hikes of four days or longer traverse the peaks. Well worth visiting is the lovely Sipi Falls which is just outside the park gates.